How to Make a Solar Cell

How to Make a Solar Cell
How to Make a Solar Cell

Making a Solar Cell for Energy

The solar cell is made of many components, the most prominent of which is silicon, which has an atomic number equal to 14 on the periodic table of the elements of nature, as it is classified from non-metals with the property of conductivity that gives silicon the ability to convert sunlight into electrical energy, when the sun’s rays interact With one cell of silicon, it causes the electrons to move in a continuous motion, which induces the flow of electricity, and this phenomenon is called the phenomenon of photosynthesis. [1]

It is known that silicon cells alone cannot provide homes with electrical energy, as we find the cell is composed of a metal frame and a set of electrical wires that allow the passage of electrons from the solar cell and provide electrical energy, and in terms of installation, silicon cells are numerous and varied, including what is called monocrystalline Including multi-cell (polycrystalline), and both of them in terms of composition are connected to thin solar panels, and for the materials used in the manufacture of solar cells, they are six different materials, which are as follows: [1]

  1. Silicon Solar Cells.
  2. Metal frame is mostly aluminum.
  3. Glass sheet as frame cover.
  4. Up to 12 volt electrical wire.
  5. Electric power distributor wire.
  6. Plexiglas Protective Glass Sheet.

Advantages of solar energy

Solar energy is a renewable form of energy and thus it is sustainable energy, and this means that the sun will appear permanently forever, so we can always rely on this power, although there are nights and days that will be cloudy, but sooner or later the sun will rise once On the other hand, this “free form of renewable energy” will return to our use. On the other hand, oil is not a source of renewable energy, which means that once it is used, it goes forever, and solar energy is produced during the (peak) periods of the day when the demand for energy increases. This is one of the biggest advantages of solar energy because this is the same time period in which your energy company charges the most money for the use of electric energy, and among the other benefits and advantages of solar energy includes the fact that it does not cause any immediate pollution, while burning oil releases Harmful greenhouse gases, carcinogens and carbon dioxide in the air, solar energy converts clean sunlight into usable energy minus combustion and minus smoke. [2]

Renewable energy sources

Renewable energy can be defined as energy that can be replenished through nature continuously, but at a limited level, which is almost inexhaustible over time. Among the types of renewable energy available in our nature: [3]

  1. Biomass energy:
  • the woods.
  • Municipal solid waste.
  • Greenhouse gas and biogas.
  • Ethanol.
  • Biodiesel.
    1. Hydropower.
    2. Geothermal energy.


  1. Wind Energy. s
  2. olar energy.

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