Solar Energy in Egypt is one of the most prominent and important modern sources through which energy on the planet can be obtained from solar rays that are outside its field, as this radiation energy reaches 1376 kilowatts per square meter, while the energy of solar radiation is extracted from it is kilo Only one watt per square meter on the earth during noon on sunny days, given that the sun at that time is perpendicular to the earth, and this energy decreases after that time.
The solar rays that reach the Earth are composed of two parts: The first is the rays that reach directly by the sun, and can be used by focusing them with lenses and mirrors designed for this, and the other is the scattered rays that come from the celestial dome, and can be used when the sky is clear, and these rays represent 15% of the total rays.
The exploitation of solar energy in Egypt
The Egyptian country is one of the regions located in the central region of the solar belt in the world, because it is confined between latitudes 22 degrees and 31.5 degrees towards the north, and for this reason it is one of the most global countries that exploit solar energy. The Egyptian policy of research, and the conduct of many studies in order to know the properties of rays in Egypt, through which the knowledge of the extent of the amount of solar energy that can be exploited throughout the year.
Summary of Results
- The total area of the country extending from the capital Cairo to the southern parts is about six kilowatt hours per square meter per day, while the energy value from the northern parts to the southern parts is five kilowatts per hour, and in the northern coastal region seven kilowatts.
- These results came with the knowledge that the country receives annually about 4000 hours of sunshine, and twenty clear days without clouds. The country receives from the dispersed solar radiation about two kilowatt-hours per square meter per day, and this represents 40% of the radiation value that the country gets from the total solar energy value.
Solar thermal energy
There are many applications that are applied in the country to solar thermal energy for domestic and public heating processes such as (government, private, banks, camps, and hospitals), and it includes heating on water and air that are important in many industrial processes. In electric power generation; Where Egyptian families rely on this technology, which contributes to rationing expenses for families and families.
Video Shows Solar Energy In Egypt