Solar Energy In Tunisia

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Solar Energy In Tunisia
Solar Energy In Tunisia

Solar energy in Tunisia

Solar energy in Tunisia, The Tunisian state aspires to produce 30% of its electrical needs from renewable energy sources by 2030, as Tunisia relies on conventional power generation plants to generate 97% of its needs, and it is noteworthy that the first solar power plant in Tunisia is located on the outskirts of The Sahara Desert in Tozeur. Despite the scarcity of water and the high temperatures in it, the desert can produce environmentally friendly energy. [1]

The rows of solar panels in Tozeur station cover an area equal to approximately 0.4 km2 of government land, and this station also greatly contributes to the desired transformation in the energy field in the country. As it was producing 10 megawatts in 2019 AD and became producing 20 megawatts since the second half of 2020 AD, in addition to that the state plans to expand the station by adding batteries to store energy, and accordingly, these government measures will lead to covering one-third of the city’s electricity needs. [1]

Tunisia is characterized by a high solar radiation rate of 1800 kilowatt hours per square meter per year in the north of the country, in addition to 2,600 kilowatt hours per square meter per year in the south of the country. Of renewable sources was equal to 342 MW in 2016; Of these, 245 megawatts are generated using wind energy, 68 megawatts are generated using water energy, and 15 megawatts are generated using solar energy, which is only 6% of the total energy production. [2]

Solar energy projects in Tunisia

PROSOL Program

The Tunisian Solar Energy Program, known as PROSOL, is defined as a joint initiative between the United Nations Environment Program, the Tunisian National Energy Control Agency and the Tunisian Electricity and Gas Company. Physical and the provision of easy loans to citizens to support the cost of purchasing solar heaters; The government contributes approximately 20% of the system’s basic purchase cost. [3]

The Tunor project

The TuNur project aims to develop the field of solar energy in Tunisia; As the project contributes to the development of energy industries by enhancing expertise in solar energy technology in the region, the project also brings multiple benefits. The Tunor project enables Tunisia, in addition to the countries that contribute to the project, to increase the rates of electrical production from renewable energy sources in it, in addition to reducing the production of carbon dioxide pollutants.

Tunisia is characterized by a solar radiation rate of more than 20% compared to some other sites located on the continent of Europe, and the Sahara Desert is an important and encouraging area for building projects for the generation of solar energy, and therefore the Tunor project produces energy through the station located in the Sahara Desert, which was built within 3 years. Years in an area where the level of solar radiation reaches 2500 kWh / m2. [4]

Solar energy development plans in Tunisia

The Tunisian government has undertaken several initiatives that reflect the orientation related to energy policies in the country. Some of them are explained below: [5]

  • Bidding has been made to build a solar power plant with a production capacity of 60 megawatts, and this initiative is the fourth of its kind, and accordingly, the project will implement a number of successful investors in the field according to the model of building, owning, operating and transportation.
  • Looking forward to installing a field of solar cells with a production capacity of 10 megawatts in the city of Gabes, southeastern Tunisia, after establishing a partnership between a group of companies.

Resources

  1. www.kfw.de
  2. www.ecomena.org
  3. sustainabledevelopment.un.org
  4. www.nurenergie.com

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